The first traces of human presence in Versilia came from the Neolithic era, when nomadic tribes inhabited the mountainous natural caves or those excavated by the sea. Those tribes were primitive and backward groups, that will remain isolated for centuries dedicating themselves to hunting, fishing and pastoralism transhumant.
With the arrival of advanced Etruscan, Ligurian-Apuan but also Romans the coastal area has been reclamate and this area changes completely. These population construct houses, roads and little city those represent since now the real heart of Versilia civilization.
Then arrive th Lombards from the North which occupy the Roman settlements and gave to these territories a struictucture very similar to the current one. But the real historic turning point came in 1200 with the foundation of Pietrasanta and Camaiore followed by Viareggio in 1700.
The development of the Versilia coast in a touristic way began in the first half of 1800, with the birth of the first bathing settlement, and grew exponentially during the 1900s bringing the Versilia to be, even today, one of the most important cultural and tourist centers in Italy .
Between the sea and the mountains white with snow or marble of the Apuan Alps, Versilia is rightly recognized as one of the most attractive and unique in Italy because of the variety and beauty of the landscape without forgetting the liveliness of its towns.
Best known for its sea and the Carnival, Viareggio is characterized by an architecture that ranges from the eclecticism and the Liberty buildings still popular throughout Europe and cultural events that represent real points of reference in Italy.
Forte dei Marmi owes its existence to the pontoon planned by Michelangelo and implanted in 1500 for the loading of marble from the Apuan Alps but the real development took place after the war, when it became a destination for the elite of aristocrats and industrialists who built beautiful villas hidden and protected by the famous pinewood.
Pietrasanta is known as "Little Athens" and is the world center for the processing of marble and bronze. Many foundries and workshops are still active and you can see the work of the sculptors during the processing and finishing of works in marble and bronze. Finally, do not miss the Museum of Sketches to see the hundreds of copies of works by artists such Dazzi, Moore, Botero and Pomodoro.
The name of Torre del Lago originates from the tower that stood on Lake Massacciuccoli and the original name was added to Puccini opera in honor of the composer who chose this location as home. Villa Puccini is set on the viewpoint of the lake is open and hosts the tomb.
Versilia offers a large number of events and traditional festivals that annually attract thousands of tourists who want to spend an exclusive holiday on the Tyrrhenian not only devoted to the sea.
Among the events we have to mention are surely the Carnival of Viareggio, one of the most important in Europe, during which you can admire a procession of satirical carts, and the Puccini Festival in Torre del Lago Puccini, a lyrical festival which attracts every year tens of thousands of spectators in its open-air theater, a few steps from the Villa Mausoleum where Giacomo Puccini lived.